Virginia Waterleaf

Hydrophyllum virginianum

A good choice for naturalizing in moist wooded areas, Virginia Waterfleaf quickly forms a 1 - 2 foot high ground cover. The coarsely toothed leaves develop their characteristic "water stain" white spots, as the plant matures. Delicate clustered flowers, range in color from white and pink to pale blue and lavender …

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Cultural Details
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil Moisture Medium, Moist, Wet
Sun Exposure Partial, Shade
Height 1' - 2'
Bloom Color White, Lavender, Pink
Bloom Time May, June
Spacing 1' - 2'
Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Root Type Rhizome
Benefits Pollinators, Deer Resistant

Found in moist to wet wooded areas of eastern North America, Virginia Waterfleaf spreads to form colonies, 1 - 2 feet high. Deeply lobed leaves with coarsely toothed margins develop the characteristic "water stain" white spots, as the plant matures. The delicate clustered flowers, ranging in color from white and pink to pale blue and lavender, are visited by a variety of pollinators.

A good naturalizing plant for moist wooded areas, Waterleaf prefers shady to partly shady sites and loamy soils rich in organic matter. The flowers appear in late-spring, begin to senesce in early summer, and plants will die-back late in the summer if the soil dries out. Combine it with White Baneberry, Blue Cohosh, Wild Geranium, Solomon’s Plume, or ferns to fill-in later in the season.

Waterleaf plants can spread aggressively and self-seed readily, and may not be a good choice for small landscapes. However, It is a useful plant to quickly fill bare areas and help reduce soil erosion, especially in wooded areas or stream margins, where invasives have recently been removed.