Host Plants for Butterflies & Moths

NEW! We've added a new Host Plants category to our website.

Native plants are tied to the lifecycles of numerous butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera). Important not only for their nectar, natives often play the role of "larval host plant."  Some Lepidoptera deposit their eggs on one plant species, to the exclusion of others, as is the case with Monarch butterflies and milkweed plants (Asclepias sp.). Other butterflies might be less exclusive when it comes to which plants will host their caterpillars, but they do have preferences.

Caterpillar Friendly Gardening

Last year's leaves, grasses and "yard waste" play an important role in the bio-community of the garden and landscape. Many butterflies and moths over-winter in fallen leaves and spent plant material from the previous season. A light-handed approach to “cleaning up” the garden allows more butterflies and moths to thrive. Avoid raking the ground clean around shrubs, trees, and garden beds, as it can destroy the hibernation environment for the very life that you are trying to support. An article on our blog covers this topic in more detail: Meaningful Maintenance: Fall Clean-up with Positive Impact.

A Few Butterflies & their Host Plants


monarch

Monarch 
Host Plants: Any plant of the Asclepias genus, including Red Milkweed, Common Milkweed, Showy Milkweed, Sullivant's Milkweed, Butterflyweed


painted lady

American Lady, Painted Lady 
Host Plants: Pussytoes, Pearly Everlasting, Poppy Mallow, Thistles, Burdock and more.


fritillary

Fritillaries 
Host Plants: Various violets, Bird's Foot Violet 


swallowtail

Tiger Swallowtails
Host Plants: Trees such as Ash, Birch, Chokecherry, Basswood, Poplar, Willow 


black swallowtail

Black Swallowtail
Host Plants: Members of the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Golden Alexanders


pearl crescent

Pearl Crescent, Tawny Crescent 
Host Plants: Smooth Aster, Sky Blue Aster … Asters are hosts plants for Crescent butterflies.


karner blue

Karner Blue, Melissa Blue 
Host Plants: Lupine 


eastern tailed blue

Eastern Tailed Blue, Hoary Edge
Host Plants: Lupine, Leadplant, Canada Tick Trefoil, Roundheaded Bushclover



checkerspot

Baltimore Checkerspot 
Host Plants: White Turtlehead, Hairy Penstemon


duskywing butterfly

Columbine Duskywing 
Host Plants: Columbine


buckeye

Common Buckeye 
Host Plants: Wild Petunia, Paleseed Plantain, Violet Ruellia



summer azure Spring Azure, Summer Azure 
Host Plants: New Jersey Tea, Steeplebush, Red Twig Dogwood, Boneset

Looking for More Host Plants?

We've added a new Host Plants category to our website that includes any of the host plants we offer. Another resource is our Planting for Pollinators Selection Guide, which highlights numerous host plants.

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