Common Elderberry

Sambucus canadensis

Elderberry is covered with large umbels of clustered white flowers from June to July, followed by a profusion of dark purple berry clusters in late summer. The fruit is prized by birds and makers of wine and jellies, alike …

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SKU
98120-GL
Cultural Details
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil Moisture Medium, Moist
Sun Exposure Full Sun
Height 6' - 8'
Bloom Color White
Bloom Time May, July
Spacing 8'
Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Root Type Rhizome
Benefits Birds, Pollinators, Host Plant

Elderberry is covered with large umbels of clustered white flowers from June to July, followed by a profusion of dark purple berry clusters in late summer. The fruit is prized by birds and makers of wine and jellies, alike. Feather-like compound leaves grace this shrub, and provide outstanding cover and nesting sites for songbirds.

Native to eastern North America, Elderberry is at home on streambanks or ponds, and is often seen along rural roadsides. While it prefers moist areas, it is quite tolerant of a wide range of soils in full to partial sun.

Typically growing up to 10 feet tall Elderberry spreads to form a thicket, and for this reason is often planted in settings where it can naturalize and spread a little. In a maintained landscape the suckers can be pruned to control spreading.

Botanical Synonyms
Sambucus nigra
Planting and Cultivation Notes
Elderberry flowers are self-fertile and only one plant is needed for bountiful fruiting.