Red Trillium

 - Trillium erectum

Light: Partial, Shade
Soil: Sand, Loam, Clay
Moisture: Medium, Moist
Height: 1'
Blooms: Apr, May, Jun
Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Color: Red
Spacing: 1'
Root: Corm

QuantityPrice Ea.
1-4 Bare Root $10.99
5-10 Bare Root $9.99
11 Bare Root $8.99


The crimson bloom of Trillium erectum lasts for up to 3 weeks before giving way to fleshy berry-like fruit. Birds and mammals eat the berries. Although it is one of the hardiest Trilliums and native to deciduous forests of the Northeast, it needs to receive ample sunlight early in its growing season. For this reason avoid siting it on the north side of buildings, where there isn't much early season sunlight. It requires a rich soil with consistent moisture and should be mulched with leaves to help maintain adequate moisture and acidity levels. Best planted in groups, this spring ephemeral combines well with other low growing woodland wildflowers such as Virginia Bluebells and Shootingstar. Once established Red Trillium will form a clump with an increasing number of flowers. The established clumps can be divided in summer.

Other names include Purple Trillium, Stinking Benjamin and Wakerobin.

Planting Tips: We recommend planting ephemerals in early fall while the soil is still warm, or in early spring. Spring installations will have some time to develop before summer dormancy, but will not produce flowers the first year. An early fall planting allows the roots time to establish properly before winter, and gives the plants a stronger start the following spring. This woodland species appreciates a generous application of leaf mulch in the fall.

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    Jack in the Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum
  • Shootingstar Dodecatheon meadia
    Shootingstar Dodecatheon meadia
  • Trout Lily Erythronium americanum
    Trout Lily Erythronium americanum
  • Sharp Lobed Hepatica Hepatica acutiloba
    Sharp Lobed Hepatica Hepatica acutiloba
  • Virginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica
    Virginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica
  • Wild Blue Phlox Phlox divaricata
    Wild Blue Phlox Phlox divaricata
  • Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum
    Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum
  • Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis
    Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis
  • Red Trillium Trillium erectum
    Red Trillium Trillium erectum
  • Large Flowered Trillium Trillium grandiflorum
    Large Flowered Trillium Trillium grandiflorum
  • Yellow Wakerobin Trillium Trillium luteum
    Yellow Wakerobin Trillium Trillium luteum
  • Prairie Trillium Trillium recurvatum
    Prairie Trillium Trillium recurvatum
  • Bellwort Uvularia grandiflora
    Bellwort Uvularia grandiflora
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