Trout Lily

 - Erythronium americanum

Light: Partial, Shade
Soil: Loam, Clay
Moisture: Medium, Moist
Height: 6"
Blooms: Apr, May
Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Color: Yellow
Spacing: 1'
Root: Corm

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A beloved spring ephemeral, Trout Lily's maroon-mottled leaves give rise to slender stalks bearing nodding yellow flowers. Trout Lily should be planted where it will receive the warmth of the sun in early spring, and where the soil will be consistenly moist during its flowering season. Plants will spread slowly to form large thick colonies on rich, medium to moist soil, and can take a few years to flower.

After the plants finish blooming, leave the foliage in place - do not cut back. The leaves will naturally fade into dormancy by mid-summer and disappear from view entirely, leaving space for other perennials. When the colony become very dense with leaves and produces fewer flowers the clumps should be divided. Mulch the planting area with leafy material in the fall and leave covered through winter. Also known as Dogtooth Violet, it is a true lily.

Planting Tips: We recommomend planting ephemerals in early fall while the soil is still warm, or in early spring. Spring installations will have some time to develop before summer dormancy, but will not produce flowers the first year. An early fall planting allows the roots time to establish properly before winter, and gives the plants a stronger start the following spring. This woodland species appreciates a generous application of leaf mulch in the fall.

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