Featured Plant: Pasque Flower

Common name: The name Pasque Flower refers to the religious holiday of Easter, when the flowers are often in bloom. In South Dakota, where it is the state flower, it is referred to as the May Day Flower, Prairie Crocus or Wind Flower.

Scientific name: Anemone patens (also known as Pulsatilla patens). Anemone: an ancient Greek name from anemos, “wind.”  patens: Latin for “spreading.”

Pasque Flower

Flowers on a Hilltop

With less than two months to go until the official start of spring it still seems a long way off. But when the snow finally clears and the hilltops warm in the ever higher sun, the Pasque Flower will be one of the earliest signs of life on the spring prairie.

Last spring Neil Diboll let me in on a great location, not far from Prairie Nursery, where native Pasque Flower adorns a hilltop every spring. Neil gave me directions and we were to meet up there late in the afternoon, as he was returning from a consulting job.

I arrived first and found the spot with no problem. My approach to the designated hill was by the Northwest side and as I began to climb upwards and out of the woods I was happy to find several Pasque Flower groups blooming along the hillside. Wow. What a find. I turned on my camera and started clicking away. The light wasn’t the best there, so I kept angling up the hill, shooting as I went. Upon cresting the hill I realized I had been on the fringe! The large domed hilltop was strewn with flowers. And the light was beautiful. After about 10 minutes of giddy Pasque Flower photo-taking, Neil showed up and we continued the photo shoot together.

Here are some photos from that afternoon, March 22, 2012.

Anemone patens

One of the earliest perennials to bloom in a prairie, Pasque Flower is an uncommon plant
that has been extirpated from many areas because of modern development.

Pasque Flower

Native to both North America and Eurasia, it inhabits hill prairies and gravel prairies.
Barrens with scant woody vegetation are preferred as this reduces competition from other plants.
The preference is full sun, dry conditions, and a gritty soil containing gravel or rocky material. Root rot can be a problem if the soil becomes waterlogged from poor drainage.

pasque flower

Pasque Flower is only about 6” high with a delicate, near transcluscent petals
that can range in color from white to lavender.

pasque flower

The flowers emerge before the leaves, often just after the snow has melted.
The delightful furry leaves remain well into the summer.

pasque flower

The silvery plume-like seedhead is also a treasure.

We have a limited quantity of Pasque Flower in 3″ pots, available this spring.


Featured Plant: Solomon’s Plume

AKA: Feathery False Lily of the Valley, False Spikenard, False Solomon’s Seal
(Smilacina racemosa – also Maianthemum racemosa)

Smilacina racemosa colony – photo by Neil Diboll

If you’re looking for a great plant for lightly shaded areas of your garden Solomon’s Plume is a beautiful choice for home landscaping in shaded settings, and a good food source for birds. It spreads by rhizomes but not aggressively enough to ever be invasive. Multiple arching stems 1-3′ long grow from a single parent plant, making it a good option for a taller ground cover.

The unbranched stems bear a many-flowered raceme at the tip of the stem (the plume) made up of tiny white flowers. The plumes appear in late spring and are followed by bright red berries, sometimes speckled brown or purple, which last through late Summer and into the Fall. Birds will be attracted to the berries.

Solomon’s Plume – photo by Walter Siegmund (wikimeda commons)

Solomon’s Plume is widely-distributed and native to Eastern North America. Found growing most often in deciduous woods, on shaded banks and ditches, Solomon’s Plume should be grown in well-drained, medium to moist, slightly acidic soil – in light to medium shade.

Solomon’s Plume – At home in the woods. (wikipedia – photo: jaknouse)

Solomon’s Plume seed – photo by Mary Evans

Dry to Medium Soil Alternative
Jason, at gardeninacity.wordpress.com, reminded me that a dry soil alternative to Smilacina racemosa is Smilacina stellata, Starry Solomon’s Plume. It’s a bit shorter than Solomon’s Plume at 1-2′, and is very tough – thriving in dry, sandy soil in the shade. It also spreads slowly by rhizome and is excellent for stabilizing around/under oaks and pines.

starry solomon's plume - smilacina stellata

Starry Solomon’s Plume has cool berries – mid summer. This photo was taken in early August along a bike path near Crystal Lake in Michigan.

Starry Solomon’s Plume – smilacina stellata flowers from May – June. Great in dry soil, under the trees! Photo was taken at Prairie Nursery in late May.

Transition in the Heat: Reclaiming a Corner for the Birds & Butterflies

This past weekend I completed my first native plant installation in the Urban Lawn Reduction Project. After preparing and planting vegetable beds this spring I decided to tackle the most needy area first, and convert it to native plants. There wasn’t any lawn in the approximately 20 x 20 foot Northeast corner, just a garden disaster in need of attention.

Originally, a Boxelder tree occupied the far reaches of this area — down by the alley. Distorted by repeated pruning around electric utililty wires, it hung threateningly over the neighbors garage. Last fall I had it removed. This spring I moved back to Milwaukee to find a humongous pile of wood chips left from the stump grinding. The noxious Bishops Weed had invaded the area, and the tree removal exposed about 35 very large Hostas to the crazy hot June sun.

I won’t go into painful detail, but I do want to say that after clearing and preparing this area I fervently hope and believe that replacing the ‘lawn’ areas will be easier than digging out and repairing this area was.

The large old Barberry was removed to help open the flow of the yard, and to better included the back area into the overall landscape.

Friends and neighbors were the Hosta beneficiaries.

Hosta removal underway.

Native Garden Design and Plant Selection
This area receives full sun for most of the day. Early morning is shaded by the neighbors garage along the East side. Next to the garage the soil is often moist, while a few feet away the soil is medium-dry. One design objective was to minimize the view of the neighbors garage and the trash cans in the alley, with tall plants. Another objective: to use the space for both fruit and native plants.

I consulted with a friend who has extensive experience designing and installing native landscapes. She recommended using Sweet Joe Pye Weed as the backbone to a garden that would be a flowering highlight. Keeping the soil’s high clay content in mind we chose a group of plants that would rise up and have a strong visual presence in the back corner of the yard, as well as provide food for birds and pollinators.

Another main factor in plant choices was simply adaptability –  plants that are sure to grow easily in clay, without any soil amending or extra watering. (Of course I will water them while they are getting established, but that’s about it!)

Here’s the plant list and planting design:

Heatwave: Plant now, or wait?
I decided to go ahead and plant during a lull in the heatwave. With three trays full of beautiful plants from Prairie Nursery on hand I figured they’d be better off in the ground, getting watered everyday, than in their small plastic containers. Last Saturday we had a slight break in the weather and into the ground they went:

My sister helped with the planting. Here she is adding cocoa hull mulch after watering this morning.

It’s so good to see a bed of native plants in the yard! And the birds are thrilled with all of the watering that is taking place between this and the vegetable garden.

What’s next? Selecting the areas to start “smothering” process for next years plantings. Also coming up: A patio plan for the backyard. Eco Harmony, ecological landscaping will design and install an artistic stone and gravel patio later this year.  I can’t wait to replace all of that lawn, which, incidentally has been mowed only once this summer, due to the drought.




Victory Over Lawn!

The rush of spring and early summer has passed and it seems we’ve landed smack in the middle of a drought. The weather’s been pretty strange since last March. There’s been but one good rain that I can remember since mid-may.  Some plants, probably sensing the situation as emergent, are blooming a month or more early.

Since my last post, the vegetable garden has been a big focus. I cleared the area around the driveway and leveled the ground. This was accomplished by hand and shovel. The area was full of Barberry, Hosta, Weeds and Russian Sage. Most of these were given away. I still have the Russian Sage in a nursery area, but will probably give that away, too. Then, on May 26th, the Milwaukee Victory Garden Initiative delivered three raised beds and filled them with soil! Victory, indeed.

Victory over lawns happens one square foot at a time – in this case it was 156 square feet in one month. That’s not so bad. The next phase (not going to call it a battle) is the North East corner, where I’ll remove about 50 hostas to prepare for the first installment of natives!

May: Clearing the Land.  Cleared enough space for three 4 x 8 raised beds.

May 26: New raised beds from the Victory Garden. Trellises devised by me.

June 20. Growing strong after three weeks!

Victory over Lawns! Here’s the slogan for the Victory Garden Initiative.

…and Native Plants.